Rosa macrophylla

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Rosa macrophylla Lindl.

Rosaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   7

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: hip

179A / 961d22 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Rosa macrophylla, commonly known as big hip rose, is a shrub.

Naming

Rosa macrophylla was described by John Lindley. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Rosa macrophylla is a species in the genus Rosa which contains approximately 180 to 623 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 1,5 to 3 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Rosa macrophylla is deciduous. The dark-green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The ovate leaflets are serrulate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Rosa macrophylla produces solitary dark-red five-stellate flowers from June to July.

The shrubs produce ornamental red hips in autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Rosa macrophylla is native to Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Himalaya and Southwest China.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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