Rosa virginiana

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Rosa virginiana Mill.

Rosaceae

Life form: subshrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade  

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: obovate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: hip

63D / e981ab 

Inflorescence: corymb

Petals: double
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Rosa virginiana, commonly known as Virginia rose, is a subshrub.

Naming

Taxonomy

Rosa virginiana is a species in the genus Rosa which contains approximately 180 to 623 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The subshrubs reach heights of 80 to 120 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 1 to 1.5 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Rosa virginiana is deciduous. The dark-green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The obovate leaflets are petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

From June to August Rosa virginiana produces corymbs of semi-double, pink five-stellate flowers. The plants flower on this years shoots.

The subshrubs produce red hips from summer to autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Rosa virginiana is native to eastern Canada, the central Northeast of the US, the Northeast of the US and the Southeast of the US.

Cultivation

The subshrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. They prefer sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 5 and 7. The plants need a soil depth of at least 41 centimetres for good growth.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Rosa virginiana lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 90 to 240 centimetres. Suited for moorland gardens and for rockeries, as well as suited as cemetery plant, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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