Rosa carolina

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Rosa carolina L.

Rosaceae

Life form: subshrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: elliptic

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: hip

63D / e981ab 

Inflorescence: corymb

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Rosa carolina, commonly known as Carolina rose, is a subshrub.

Naming

Rosa carolina was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Rosa carolina is a species in the genus Rosa which contains approximately 180 to 623 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The subshrubs reach heights of 50 to 100 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 1 to 1.5 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Rosa carolina is deciduous. The dark-green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The elliptic leaflets are serrulate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Rosa carolina produces corymbs of pink five-stellate flowers from June to July. The plants flower both on this years and on last years shoots.

The subshrubs produce ornamental red hips in summer.

Root System

Distribution

Rosa carolina is native to eastern Canada, the northern Prairie States of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the Northeast of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US and Florida.

Cultivation

The subshrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. They prefer sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 4 and 7. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Rosa carolina lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 60 to 120 centimetres. Suited for hedges, as well as suited as cemetery plant, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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