Rosa x centifolia

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Rosa x centifolia L.

Rosaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: hip

61C / b71f53 

Inflorescence: corymb

Petals: fully double
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Rosa x centifolia, commonly known as cabbage rose, Provence rose, is a shrub.

Naming

Taxonomy

Rosa x centifolia is a species in the genus Rosa which contains approximately 180 to 623 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 1 to 1,5 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Rosa x centifolia is deciduous. The dark-green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The ovate leaflets are petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

From June to July Rosa x centifolia produces corymbs of double, dark-pink five-stellate flowers.

The shrubs produce hips.

Root System

Distribution

Rosa x centifolia is native to the Caucasus.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Uses

The ornamental value of Rosa x centifolia lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for cottage gardens.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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