Rosa gallica

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Rosa gallica L.

Rosaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: obovate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: hip

VI

63D / e981ab 

Inflorescence: corymb

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Rosa gallica, commonly known as French rose, is a shrub.

Naming

Rosa gallica was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Rosa gallica is a species in the genus Rosa which contains approximately 180 to 623 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 1 to 1,5 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Rosa gallica is deciduous. The imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The obovate leaflets are serrulate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Rosa gallica produces corymbs of pink five-stellate flowers in June.

The shrubs produce hips.

Root System

Distribution

Rosa gallica is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles, Northern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula, Turkey, northern Iraq and the Caucasus and is naturalized in the Iberian Peninsula and in the US.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Uses

The ornamental value of Rosa gallica lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for cottage gardens.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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