Rosa gallica L.
Rosa gallica, commonly known as French rose, is a shrub.
Rosa gallica was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The shrubs reach heights of 1 to 1,5 metres.
Wood and Bark
Rosa gallica is deciduous. The imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The obovate leaflets are serrulate and petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Rosa gallica produces corymbs of pink five-stellate flowers in June.
The shrubs produce hips.
Rosa gallica is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the British Isles, Northern Europe, the Iberian Peninsula, Turkey, northern Iraq and the Caucasus and is naturalized in the Iberian Peninsula and in the US.
The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
The ornamental value of Rosa gallica lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for cottage gardens.
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.