Rosa rubiginosa L.
Rosa rubiginosa, commonly known as sweet briar, eglantine, is a shrub.
Rosa rubiginosa was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1771. The name is considered as validly published.
The shrubs reach heights of 1,5 to 2,5 metres. The plants reach a width of 2 metres.
Wood and Bark
Rosa rubiginosa is deciduous. The green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The ovate leaflets are serrate and petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Rosa rubiginosa produces corymbs of pink five-stellate flowers in June. The plants flower both on this years and on last years shoots.
The shrubs produce ornamental red hips from summer to autumn.
Rosa rubiginosa is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus and Northwest India and is naturalized in North America.
The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5). The plants are suited for spring protection.
The ornamental value of Rosa rubiginosa lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for moorland gardens, rockeries, windbreaks and soil protection, medium-high cut hedges, high cut hedges and for noise and dust protection, as well as suited as cemetery plant, slope plant, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.