Rosa rubiginosa

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Rosa rubiginosa L.

Rosaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: hip

VI

63D / e981ab 

Inflorescence: corymb

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Rosa rubiginosa, commonly known as sweet briar, eglantine, is a shrub.

Naming

Rosa rubiginosa was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1771. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Rosa rubiginosa is a species in the genus Rosa which contains approximately 180 to 623 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 1,5 to 2,5 metres. The plants reach a width of 2 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Rosa rubiginosa is deciduous. The green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The ovate leaflets are serrate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Rosa rubiginosa produces corymbs of pink five-stellate flowers in June. The plants flower both on this years and on last years shoots.

The shrubs produce ornamental red hips from summer to autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Rosa rubiginosa is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Caucasus and Northwest India and is naturalized in North America.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5). The plants are suited for spring protection.

Uses

The ornamental value of Rosa rubiginosa lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for moorland gardens, rockeries, windbreaks and soil protection, medium-high cut hedges, high cut hedges and for noise and dust protection, as well as suited as cemetery plant, slope plant, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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