Rosa canina

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Rosa canina L.

Rosaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   4

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: elliptic

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: hip

49D / f0c9d6 

Inflorescence: corymb

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Rosa canina is a shrub.

Naming

Rosa canina was described by Carl Linnaeus. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Rosa canina is a species in the genus Rosa which contains approximately 180 to 623 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Rosa canina - leaves
Rosa canina - flowers
Rosa canina - fruits

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 1 to 3 metres. The plants reach a width of 2 to 3 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Rosa canina is deciduous. The dark-green to bluish green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are elliptic and petiolate. They have denticulate margins and pinnate venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Rosa canina produces corymbs of erect, light pink five-stellate flowers from June to August. The plants flower both on this years and on last years shoots. They are hermaphroditic, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.

The shrubs produce red hips from summer to autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Rosa canina is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4). The plants are suited for spring protection.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: road salt

Uses

Suited for moorland gardens, rockeries, rooftop gardens, windbreaks and soil protection and for noise and dust protection, as well as suited as cemetery plant, slope plant, greenery along roads, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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