Rosa canina L.
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Rosa canina is a shrub.
Rosa canina was described by Carl Linnaeus. The name is considered as validly published.
The shrubs reach heights of 1 to 3 metres. The plants reach a width of 2 to 3 metres.
Wood and Bark
Rosa canina is deciduous. The dark-green to bluish green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are elliptic and petiolate. They have denticulate margins and pinnate venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Rosa canina produces corymbs of erect, light pink five-stellate flowers from June to August. The plants flower both on this years and on last years shoots. They are hermaphroditic, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.
The shrubs produce red hips from summer to autumn.
Rosa canina is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus and Central Asia.
The shrubs prefer a sunny to shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4). The plants are suited for spring protection.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- high: road salt
Suited for moorland gardens, rockeries, rooftop gardens, windbreaks and soil protection and for noise and dust protection, as well as suited as cemetery plant, slope plant, greenery along roads, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.