Rosa carolina L.
Rosa carolina, commonly known as Carolina rose, is a subshrub.
Rosa carolina was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The subshrubs reach heights of 50 to 100 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 1 to 1.5 metres.
Wood and Bark
Rosa carolina is deciduous. The dark-green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The elliptic leaflets are serrulate and petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Rosa carolina produces corymbs of pink five-stellate flowers from June to July. The plants flower both on this years and on last years shoots.
The subshrubs produce ornamental red hips in summer.
Rosa carolina is native to eastern Canada, the northern Prairie States of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the Northeast of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US, the Southeast of the US and Florida.
The subshrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. They prefer sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 4 and 7. The plants need a soil depth of at least 30 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4).
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- medium: calcareous soil
The ornamental value of Rosa carolina lies especially in its fragrance. The recommended planting distance is 60 to 120 centimetres. Suited for hedges, as well as suited as cemetery plant, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.