Rosa arvensis

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Rosa arvensis Huds.

Rosaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: hip

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rosanae
Ordo:
Rosales

Rosa arvensis, commonly known as field rose, musk rose, is a shrub.

Naming

Rosa arvensis was described by William Hudson in 1762. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Rosa arvensis is a species in the genus Rosa which contains approximately 180 to 623 species and belongs to the family of the Rosaceae (Rose Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 50 to 200 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 0.5 to 2 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is green.

Leaves

Rosa arvensis is deciduous. The dark-green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The ovate leaflets are petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Rosa arvensis produces solitary white five-stellate flowers from June to July. The plants flower both on this years and on last years shoots.

The shrubs produce red hips from summer to autumn.

Root System

Distribution

Rosa arvensis is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of northern Europe and Turkey.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Uses

The ornamental value of Rosa arvensis lies especially in its fragrance. Suited as slope plant, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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