Cortusa matthioli

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Cortusa matthioli L.

Primulaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: reniform

Division: simple

Shape: funnel-shaped
Fruit: not specified

76A / b373c0 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: double
Habit: not specified

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Primulanae
Ordo:
Primulales

Cortusa matthioli is a perennial.

Naming

Cortusa matthioli was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Cortusa matthioli is the type species of the genus Cortusa which contains 9 species and belongs to the family of the Primulaceae (Primrose Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 20 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Cortusa matthioli is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are basal. They are reniform, dentate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

From July to August Cortusa matthioli produces umbels of semi-double, purple funnel-shaped flowers.


Root System

Distribution

Cortusa matthioli is native to France, Central Europe, eastern Central Europe, Eastern Europe, the Apennine Peninsula and the Balkan Peninsula.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy clay with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 20 to 25 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for rockeries.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Winter protection from black frost.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Cortusa matthioli is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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