Colchicum atticum Spruner ex Tomm.
Colchicum atticum belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.
Wilhelm von Spruner already described Colchicum atticum but the name was validly published by Giuseppe Tommaselli in 1840.
Colchicum atticum is a species in the genus Colchicum which contains approximately 107 to 114 species and belongs to the family of the Colchicaceae (Colchicum Family). The type species of the genus is Colchicum autumnale.
The plants reach heights of 3 to 6 centimetres.
Colchicum atticum is deciduous. The fern-green, simple leaves are basal. They are lanceolate with entire margins and parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Colchicum atticum produces solitary white cup-shaped flowers from March to April.
The plants produce septicidal capsules.
Colchicum atticum is native to Greece, Bulgaria and Turkey.
The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-loamy and comparatively rich. They tolerate temperatures down to -12Â°C (USDA zone 8). Under glass use a mixture of loam, gravel and leaf compost.
The plants are suited for cultivation in a alpine house. Suited for rockeries.
Maintenance and Propagation
- Water moderately in summer, do not water in winter.
Propagate by sowing when seeds are ripe or by bulbils in summer.
Colchicum atticum is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
Rot on leaves, shoots, flowers or fruits indicated an infection with grey mould (botrytis). Remove and destroy affected plants. Apply fungizide. Improve ventilation and hygiene and avoid injuring the plants to prevent infections.
Gnaw marks and slime trails indicate a problem with slugs. Prevent infestation by improving hygiene and by regularly working the soil. In case of an infestation use slug pellets or nematodes to control pest. Handpicking the slug also helps, do this preferably in the evening hours.
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.