Cissus quadrangularis

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Cissus quadrangularis L.

Vitaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   10

Moisture: dry

Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: cruciform
Fruit: berry

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Vitanae
Ordo:
Vitales

Cissus quadrangularis is a succulent shrub.

Naming

Cissus quadrangularis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1767. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Cissus quadrangularis is a species in the genus Cissus which contains approximately 324 to 444 species and belongs to the family of the Vitaceae (Grape Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 2 to 3 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Cissus quadrangularis is evergreen. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate with dentate margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Cissus quadrangularis produces umbels of yellow cruciform flowers from June to August.

The shrubs carry black berries.

Root System

Distribution

Cissus quadrangularis is native to tropical Africa, South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, Madagascar and the Comoros and the Arabian Peninsula.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be gritty-sandy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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