Cichorium spinosum

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Cichorium spinosum L.

Asteraceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape:

Division: simple

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

91D / cdbaeb 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Cichorium spinosum is a perennial.

Naming

Cichorium spinosum was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Cichorium spinosum is a species in the genus Cichorium which contains approximately 6 to 10 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 10 to 20 centimetres.

Leaves

Cichorium spinosum is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are .

Flowers and Fruits

Cichorium spinosum produces solitary light purple many-stellate flowers from June to August.

The perennials produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Cichorium spinosum is native to Italy, Sicily and Malta, Greece, Crete, southwestern Turkey and Cyprus.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Uses

Suited for rockeries.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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