Chimonanthus praecox

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Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link

Calycanthaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: nutlet

3D / efe981 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Magnoliopsida
Subclassis:
Magnoliidae
Superordo:
Lauranae
Ordo:
Calycanthales

Chimonanthus praecox is a shrub.

Naming

Chimonanthus praecox was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1822.

Taxonomy

Chimonanthus praecox is a species in the genus Chimonanthus which contains approximately 6 to 8 species and belongs to the family of the Calycanthaceae (Strawberry-shrub Family).

Characteristics

Chimonanthus praecox - leaves

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 3 to 13 metres. The plants reach a width of 1.5 to 3 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Chimonanthus praecox is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are lanceolate with entire margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Chimonanthus praecox produces solitary ligth-yellow cup-shaped flowers from January to March. The plants are hermaphroditic, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.

The shrubs produce nutlets.

Root System

Distribution

Chimonanthus praecox is native to China.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7). In winter the plants prefer bright light, frost-free conditions.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: dryness of the root ball, waterlogging

Uses

The ornamental value of Chimonanthus praecox lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for rockeries and for conservatories, as well as suited as cemetery plant and as container plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.

  • For healthy growth every 2 to 3 weeks during growth.
  • temperature in winter should be 5°C.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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