Chimonanthus praecox (L.) Link
Chimonanthus praecox is a shrub.
Chimonanthus praecox was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Johann Heinrich Friedrich Link, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1822.
The shrubs reach heights of 3 to 13 metres. The plants reach a width of 1.5 to 3 metres.
Wood and Bark
Chimonanthus praecox is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are lanceolate with entire margins.
Flowers and Fruits
Chimonanthus praecox produces solitary ligth-yellow cup-shaped flowers from January to March. The plants are hermaphroditic, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.
The shrubs produce nutlets.
Chimonanthus praecox is native to China.
The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18Â°C (USDA zone 7). In winter the plants prefer bright light, frost-free conditions.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: dryness of the root ball, waterlogging
The ornamental value of Chimonanthus praecox lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for rockeries and for conservatories, as well as suited as cemetery plant and as container plant.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually need very little maintenance.
- For healthy growth every 2 to 3 weeks during growth.
- temperature in winter should be 5Â°C.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.