Chiastophyllum oppositifolium

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Chiastophyllum oppositifolium A.Berger

Crassulaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade   7

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: follicle

VI

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: mat-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Saxifraganae
Ordo:
Saxifragales

Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is a succulent perennial.

Naming

Chiastophyllum oppositifolium was already described and the name validly published by Carl Friedrich von Ledebour. It was Alwin Berger, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is the only species in the genus Chiastophyllum which belongs to the family of the Crassulaceae (Stonecrop Family).

Characteristics

Chiastophyllum oppositifolium - flowers

Growth

The perennials have a mat-forming habit and reach heights of 15 to 20 centimetres.

Leaves

Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is evergreen. The bluish green, simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate, crenate and petiolate. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large.

Flowers and Fruits

Chiastophyllum oppositifolium produces racemes of yellow five-stellate flowers in June.

The perennials produce follicles.

Root System

Distribution

Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is native to the western Caucasus.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is considered a valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 25 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for rockeries and for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant and as groundcover.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • Remove flower heads after flowering.

Propagation

  • Sowing
  • Cuttings
  • Division


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

es:Chiastophyllum oppositifolium

This might also interest you

Commercial Links