Chiastophyllum oppositifolium A.Berger
Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is a succulent perennial.
Chiastophyllum oppositifolium was already described and the name validly published by Carl Friedrich von Ledebour. It was Alwin Berger, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .
The perennials have a mat-forming habit and reach heights of 15 to 20 centimetres.
Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is evergreen. The bluish green, simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate, crenate and petiolate. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large.
Flowers and Fruits
Chiastophyllum oppositifolium produces racemes of yellow five-stellate flowers in June.
The perennials produce follicles.
Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is native to the western Caucasus.
The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -18Â°C (USDA zone 7).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
- woods (soil usually rich in organic material)
Chiastophyllum oppositifolium is considered a valuable wild perennial. The ornamental value lies especially in the ornamental leaves. The recommended planting distance is 25 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for rockeries and for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant and as groundcover.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
- Remove flower heads after flowering.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.