Cytisus purpureus Scop.
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Cytisus purpureus, commonly known as Purple Broom, is a shrub.
Cytisus purpureus was described by Joannes Antonius Scopoli in 1772. The name is considered as validly published.
Cytisus purpureus is a species in the genus Cytisus which contains approximately 85 to 249 species and belongs to the family of the Fabaceae (Legume Family). The type species of the genus is Cytisus villosus.
The shrubs reach heights of 35 to 45 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 1 to 1.5 metres.
Wood and Bark
The bark is green.
Cytisus purpureus is deciduous. The green, ternate leaves are alternate. The obovate leaflets are petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Cytisus purpureus produces cluster of light-purple pea-shaped flowers from April to July. The plants flower on last years shoots.
The shrubs produce legumes.
The plants form shallow roots.
Cytisus purpureus is native to Italy, Austria, Slovenia, Croatia and Albania and is naturalized in Germany.
The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-sandy, sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29Â°C (USDA zone 5).
Suited for moorland gardens and for rockeries, as well as suited as cemetery plant, container plant and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
Cytisus purpureus is toxic.
Please read the health issues note!
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.