Ceropegia woodii

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Ceropegia woodii Schltr.

Apocynaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   10

Moisture: dry

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: cordate

Division: simple

Shape: tubular
Fruit: follicle

82C / 7b4c9a 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Gentiananae
Ordo:
Gentianales

Ceropegia woodii is a succulent perennial.

Naming

Ceropegia woodii was described by Friedrich Richard Rudolf Schlechter in 1894. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Ceropegia woodii is a species in the genus Ceropegia which contains approximately 229 to 262 species and belongs to the family of the Apocynaceae (Dogbane Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials are comparatively fast-growing and reach heights of 5 to 10 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 2 to 3 metres.

Leaves

Ceropegia woodii is evergreen. The mid-green, simple leaves are opposite. They are cordate, entire and petiolate. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Ceropegia woodii produces solitary purple tubular flowers from June to August.

The perennials produce follicles.

Root System

The plants form root tubers.

Distribution

Ceropegia woodii is native to Zimbabwe and South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

The ornamental value of Ceropegia woodii lies especially in the ornamental leaves. Suited for hanging baskets, as well as suited as indoor plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Waxy fibres and honeydew on leaves and shoots indicate an infestation with mealybugs. Apply insecticide or control biologically with predatory ladybirds.

Sudden wilting and pale green discolouration indicate a fungal infection (phytophthora). Remove infected plants. Avoid by improving drainage and over-fertilization.

Scale insects that sit on the undersides of the leaves and excrete honeydew can be controlled with insecticide or biologically with parasitic wasps.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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