Cedrus atlantica

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Cedrus atlantica G.Manetti

Pinaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: not specified
Leaves: evergreen

Coniferous leaves: clustered

Division: not specified

Shape: not specified
Fruit: cone

 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: broadly conical

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Pinophyta
Subdivisio:
Pinophytina
Classis:
Pinopsida
Subclassis:
Pinidae
Ordo:
Pinales

Cedrus atlantica, commonly known as Atlantic cedar, Atlas cedar, is a tree.

Naming

Cedrus atlantica was already described and the name validly published by Stephan Friedrich Ladislaus Endlicher. It was Élie Abel Carrière, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1855 based on a prior description by Xaverio Manetti.

Taxonomy

Cedrus atlantica is a species in the genus Cedrus which contains approximately 5 to 6 species and belongs to the family of the Pinaceae (Pine Family).

Characteristics

Cedrus atlantica - habitus
Cedrus atlantica - cones
Cedrus atlantica - trunks

Growth

The trees have a broadly conical canopy and reach heights of 20 to 40 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Cedrus atlantica is evergreen. The leaves are green.

Flowers and Fruits

Cedrus atlantica flowers from September to October. The plants are monoecious, pollination takes places by allogamy.

The trees produce cones.

Root System

Distribution

Cedrus atlantica is native to Morocco, Algeria and the Atlas Mountains.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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