Catha edulis

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Catha edulis Forssk.

Celastraceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant

  10

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: elliptic

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: not specified

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Inflorescence: cyme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Celastranae
Ordo:
Celastrales

Catha edulis is a shrub.

Naming

Catha edulis was already described and the name validly published by Martin Vahl. It was Stephan Friedrich Ladislaus Endlicher, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1841.

Taxonomy

Catha edulis is a species in the genus Catha which contains approximately 3 to 23 species and belongs to the family of the Celastraceae (Bittersweet Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 1 to 5 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Catha edulis is evergreen. The simple leaves are opposite. They are elliptic, serrate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Catha edulis produces cymes of white five-stellate flowers.


Root System

Distribution

Catha edulis is native to Ethiopia, South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland, tropical Africa and Yemen.

Cultivation

The shrubs tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Catha edulis is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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