Castanospermum australe

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Castanospermum australe A.Cunn. & C.Fraser

Fabaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   10

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: pea-shaped
Fruit: legume

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: rounded to broadly spreading

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Fabanae
Ordo:
Fabales

Castanospermum australe is a tree.

Naming

Castanospermum australe was described by Allan Cunningham and Charles Fraser in 1830. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Castanospermum australe is the only species in the genus Castanospermum which belongs to the family of the Fabaceae (Legume Family).

Characteristics

Castanospermum australe - habitus

Growth

The trees have a rounded to broadly spreading canopy and reach heights of 10 to 30 metres. The plants reach a width of 5 to 7 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Castanospermum australe is evergreen. The mid-green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The ovate leaflets are entire and petiolate. The surface of the leaves is glabrous.

Flowers and Fruits

Castanospermum australe produces racemes of yellow pea-shaped flowers from May to August.

The trees carry brown legumes.

Root System

Distribution

Castanospermum australe is native to New South Wales.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy loam. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Suited as indoor plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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