Carnegiea gigantea

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Carnegiea gigantea Britton & Rose

Cactaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   9

Moisture: dry

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: not specified
Leaves:

Shape: not specified

Division: not specified

Shape: funnel-shaped
Fruit: berry

VI

N999D / ffffff 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Caryophyllidae
Superordo:
Caryophyllanae
Ordo:
Caryophyllales

Carnegiea gigantea is a succulent tree.

Naming

Carnegiea gigantea was already described and the name validly published by Georg Engelmann. It was Nathaniel Lord Britton and Joseph Nelson Rose, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1908.

Taxonomy

Carnegiea gigantea is the only species in the genus Carnegiea which belongs to the family of the Cactaceae (Cactus Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The trees reach heights of 5 to 16 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Flowers and Fruits

Carnegiea gigantea produces solitary white funnel-shaped flowers in June.

The trees produce berries.

Root System

Distribution

Carnegiea gigantea is native to California, Arizona and Mexico. It is a protected species according to the Washington Convention.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: calcareous soil

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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