Carex plantaginea

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Carex plantaginea Lam.

Cyperaceae

Life form: grass

Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   7

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy - Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: nut

200D / 47291f 

Inflorescence: spike

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Juncanae
Ordo:
Cyperales

Carex plantaginea, commonly known as plantain leaved sedge, is a grass.

Naming

Carex plantaginea was described by Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de Lamarck in 1792. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Carex plantaginea is a species in the genus Carex which contains approximately 2264 to 2485 species and belongs to the family of the Cyperaceae (Sedge Family). The type species of the genus is Carex hirta.

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 25 to 55 centimetres.

Leaves

Carex plantaginea is evergreen. The light-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large.

Flowers and Fruits

Carex plantaginea produces spikes of brown flowers from May to June. The plants are dioecious.

The grasses produce nuts.

Root System

The plants form fibrous roots.

Distribution

Carex plantaginea is native to eastern Canada, the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US and the Southeast of the US.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a half-shady to shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, gritty-sandy, loamy, sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil with a pH between 4 and 6. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

Carex plantaginea is considered a valuable wild perennial. The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the grasses are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for rockeries, as well as suited as cemetery plant and as groundcover.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

Propagate by division.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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