Cnicus benedictus

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Cnicus benedictus L.

Asteraceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

  8

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves:

Shape: lanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Cnicus benedictus, commonly known as Blessed Thistle, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Cnicus benedictus was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Cnicus benedictus is the only species in the genus Cnicus which belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family).

Characteristics

Cnicus benedictus - habitus

Growth

The plants reach heights of 40 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Cnicus benedictus has simple leaves that are alternate. The leaves are lanceolate, dentate and sessile.

Flowers and Fruits

Cnicus benedictus produces yellow many-stellate flowers from June to July.

The plants produce achenes.

Root System

Distribution

Cnicus benedictus is native to the Iberian Peninsula, France, the Apennine Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean, the Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia, Afghanistan and Algeria and is naturalized in Romania and southern European Russia.

Cultivation

The plants tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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