Cardamine pratensis L.
Cardamine pratensis is a perennial.
Cardamine pratensis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 30 to 45 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 10 to 25 centimetres.
Cardamine pratensis is deciduous. The green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear, entire and have parallel venation.
Flowers and Fruits
Cardamine pratensis produces panicles of erect, light-purple cruciform flowers from April to June.
The perennials produce siliques.
Cardamine pratensis is native to Europe, northern Asia and North America.
The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -35Â°C (USDA zone 4).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- open areas
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for cottage gardens, as well as suited as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.
- Spreading by self-seeding usually occurs a little.
- Cut back in autumn.
- Leaf cuttings
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.