Cardamine pratensis

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Cardamine pratensis L.

Brassicaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   4

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: cruciform
Fruit: silique

75D / cfb0e0 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Violanae
Ordo:
Capparales

Cardamine pratensis is a perennial.

Naming

Cardamine pratensis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Cardamine pratensis is a species in the genus Cardamine which contains approximately 259 to 338 species and belongs to the family of the Brassicaceae (Mustard Family).

Characteristics

Cardamine pratensis - habitus
Cardamine pratensis - flowers

Growth

The perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 30 to 45 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 10 to 25 centimetres.

Leaves

Cardamine pratensis is deciduous. The green, imparipinnate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are linear, entire and have parallel venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Cardamine pratensis produces panicles of erect, light-purple cruciform flowers from April to June.

The perennials produce siliques.

Root System

Distribution

Cardamine pratensis is native to Europe, northern Asia and North America.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, clay or loamy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • banks
  • open areas
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 30 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 5 to 10. Suited for cottage gardens, as well as suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • Spreading by self-seeding usually occurs a little.
  • Cut back in autumn.

Propagation

  • Sowing
  • Division
  • Leaf cuttings


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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