Cardamine enneaphyllos

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Cardamine enneaphyllos (L.) Crantz

Brassicaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   7

Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: lanceolate

Division: digitate

Shape: cruciform
Fruit: silique

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Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: clump-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Violanae
Ordo:
Capparales

Cardamine enneaphyllos is a perennial.

Naming

Cardamine enneaphyllos was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Heinrich Johann Nepomuk von Crantz, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1769.

Taxonomy

Cardamine enneaphyllos is a species in the genus Cardamine which contains approximately 259 to 338 species and belongs to the family of the Brassicaceae (Mustard Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials have a clumpforming habit and reach heights of 20 to 40 centimetres.

Leaves

Cardamine enneaphyllos is deciduous. The dark-green, digitate leaves are alternate. The leaflets are lanceolate and have serrate margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Cardamine enneaphyllos produces racemes of white cruciform flowers from April to June.

The perennials produce siliques.

Root System

Distribution

Cardamine enneaphyllos is native to Central Europe, Italy, eastern Central Europe, Romania and the Balkan Peninsula.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady to shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, clay or loamy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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