Capsicum frutescens

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Capsicum frutescens L.

Solanaceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   9

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: elliptic

Division: simple

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: berry

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Solananae
Ordo:
Solanales

Capsicum frutescens, commonly known as tabasco pepper, hot pepper, belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Taxonomy

Capsicum frutescens is a species in the genus Capsicum which contains approximately 43 to 97 species and belongs to the family of the Solanaceae (Nightshade Family). The type species of the genus is Capsicum annuum.

Characteristics

Capsicum frutescens - fruits

Growth

The plants reach heights of 20 to 80 centimetres.

Leaves

Capsicum frutescens is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are elliptic, entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Capsicum frutescens produces solitary white cup-shaped flowers from April to May.

The plants produce berries.

Root System

Distribution

Capsicum frutescens is native to tropical America.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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