Capsicum chinense

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Capsicum chinense Jacq.

Solanaceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   9

Moisture: moderately moist

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: berry

150B / c3d238 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Solananae
Ordo:
Solanales

Capsicum chinense belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Capsicum chinense was described by Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Capsicum chinense is a species in the genus Capsicum which contains approximately 43 to 97 species and belongs to the family of the Solanaceae (Nightshade Family). The type species of the genus is Capsicum annuum.

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 45 to 70 centimetres.

Leaves

Capsicum chinense is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate, entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Capsicum chinense produces solitary light-green five-stellate flowers from June to November.

The plants carry edible, ornamental berries.

Root System

Distribution

Capsicum chinense is native to : garden origin.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -7°C (USDA zone 9).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links