Capparis spinosa

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Capparis spinosa L.

Capparaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   8

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: berry

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Violanae
Ordo:
Capparales

Capparis spinosa is a shrub.

Naming

Capparis spinosa was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Capparis spinosa is a species in the genus Capparis which contains approximately 251 to 294 species and belongs to the family of the Capparaceae (Caper Family).

Characteristics

Capparis spinosa - flowers

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 20 to 80 centimetres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Capparis spinosa is deciduous. The simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate with entire margins.

Flowers and Fruits

Capparis spinosa produces solitary white five-stellate flowers from April to August. The plants are hermaphroditic.

The shrubs produce berries.

Root System

Distribution

Capparis spinosa is native to the Iberian Peninsula, France, the Apennine Peninsula, the Balkan Peninsula, the Crimean Peninsula, Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean, the Caucasus, Iran, Central Asia and North Afrika.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Uses

The ornamental value of Capparis spinosa lies especially in the ornamental leaves.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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