Canella winterana (L.) Gaertn.
Canella winterana, commonly known as white cinnamon, wild cinnamon, is a tree.
Canella winterana was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Joseph Gaertner, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1788.
The trees reach heights of 8 to 10 metres with their main growing season being in spring.
Wood and Bark
Canella winterana is evergreen. The simple leaves are alternate. They are oblanceolate, entire and petiolate.
Flowers and Fruits
Canella winterana produces corymbs of dark-red cup-shaped flowers from May to July.
All year round the trees produce ornamental, edible berries that are persistent on the plant.
Canella winterana is native to Florida and the West Indies.
For good growth the trees nedd a soil depth of at least 91 centimetres. The trees tolerate temperatures only above at least 1Â°C (USDA zone 10) and need a frost-free period of at least 52 weeks.
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- medium: soil salinity, calcareous soil
The ornamental value of Canella winterana lies especially in its fragrance.
Maintenance and Propagation
Propagate by sowing.
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.