Canella winterana

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Canella winterana (L.) Gaertn.

Canellaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant

  10

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: oblanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: berry

179A / 961d22 

Inflorescence: corymb

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Magnoliopsida
Subclassis:
Magnoliidae
Superordo:
Magnolianae
Ordo:
Canellales

Canella winterana, commonly known as white cinnamon, wild cinnamon, is a tree.

Naming

Canella winterana was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Joseph Gaertner, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1788.

Taxonomy

Canella winterana is the only species in the genus Canella which belongs to the family of the Canellaceae (Canella Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The trees reach heights of 8 to 10 metres with their main growing season being in spring.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Canella winterana is evergreen. The simple leaves are alternate. They are oblanceolate, entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Canella winterana produces corymbs of dark-red cup-shaped flowers from May to July.

All year round the trees produce ornamental, edible berries that are persistent on the plant.

Root System

Distribution

Canella winterana is native to Florida and the West Indies.

Cultivation

For good growth the trees nedd a soil depth of at least 91 centimetres. The trees tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10) and need a frost-free period of at least 52 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • medium: soil salinity, calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Canella winterana lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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