Campanula carpatica

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Campanula carpatica Jacq.

Campanulaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   3

Moisture: moist

Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: poricidal capsule

90D / 6044a4 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Growth form: stemless

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Campanulanae
Ordo:
Campanulales

Campanula carpatica is a perennial.

Naming

Campanula carpatica was described by Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Campanula carpatica is a species in the genus Campanula which contains approximately 503 to 622 species and belongs to the family of the Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family). The type species of the genus is Campanula latifolia.

Characteristics

Campanula carpatica - habitus
Campanula carpatica - flowers

Growth

The comparatively slow-growing perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 20 to 30 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Campanula carpatica is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate, denticulate and petiolate. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.

Flowers and Fruits

Campanula carpatica produces solitary erect, bluish purple campanulate flowers from June to August.

The perennials produce poricidal capsules.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots.

Distribution

Campanula carpatica is native to Central Europe.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -40°C (USDA zone 3).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • rockeries
  • woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: waterlogging

Uses

Campanula carpatica is considered a collector's perennial. The recommended planting distance is 20 to 25 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for rockeries, rooftop gardens, roof greening, mixed borders, hanging baskets, balconies and terraces and for conservatories, as well as suited as cemetery plant, groundcover, container plant and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.

  • For healthy growth apply a compound fertilizer every 2 to 3 weeks during growth.
  • Cut back after flowering.

Propagate by sowing or by division.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Honeydew, galls and distorted leaves are a sign for an infestation with aphids. Use an insecticide or control biologically , e.g. with parasitic wasps or predators such as Aphidoletes aphidimyza.

Fine webs on the plants indicate an infestation with red spider mites. These sap-sucking insects mainly appear under glass and can be controlled either with insecticide or biologically with parasitic mites.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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