Campanula carpatica Jacq.
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Campanula carpatica is a perennial.
Campanula carpatica was described by Nicolaus Joseph von Jacquin. The name is considered as validly published.
Campanula carpatica is a species in the genus Campanula which contains approximately 503 to 622 species and belongs to the family of the Campanulaceae (Bellflower Family). The type species of the genus is Campanula latifolia.
The comparatively slow-growing perennials have a stemless growth and reach heights of 20 to 30 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.
Campanula carpatica is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate, denticulate and petiolate. The leaves are around 10 to 20 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.
Flowers and Fruits
Campanula carpatica produces solitary erect, bluish purple campanulate flowers from June to August.
The perennials produce poricidal capsules.
The plants form shallow roots.
Campanula carpatica is native to Central Europe.
The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be gritty-loamy, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -40Â°C (USDA zone 3).
Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber
- woodland borders (soil usually rich in humus)
Tolerance of special soil conditions
- none: waterlogging
Campanula carpatica is considered a collector's perennial. The recommended planting distance is 20 to 25 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 5. Suited for rockeries, rooftop gardens, roof greening, mixed borders, hanging baskets, balconies and terraces and for conservatories, as well as suited as cemetery plant, groundcover, container plant and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually need very little maintenance.
- For healthy growth apply a compound fertilizer every 2 to 3 weeks during growth.
- Cut back after flowering.
Propagate by sowing or by division.
Pests and Diseases
Honeydew, galls and distorted leaves are a sign for an infestation with aphids. Use an insecticide or control biologically , e.g. with parasitic wasps or predators such as Aphidoletes aphidimyza.
Fine webs on the plants indicate an infestation with red spider mites. These sap-sucking insects mainly appear under glass and can be controlled either with insecticide or biologically with parasitic mites.
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.