Camellia sinensis

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Camellia sinensis (L.) Kuntze

Theaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: half shade   8

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: elliptic

Division: simple

Shape: rosette
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Theanae
Ordo:
Theales

Camellia sinensis is a shrub.

Naming

Camellia sinensis was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Carl Ernst Otto Kuntze, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1887.

Taxonomy

Camellia sinensis is a species in the genus Camellia which contains approximately 277 to 330 species and belongs to the family of the Theaceae (Tea Family).

Characteristics

Camellia sinensis - leaves

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 1 to 5 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Camellia sinensis is evergreen. The simple leaves are alternate. They are elliptic, serrulate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Camellia sinensis produces solitary white rosette flowers from October to December.

The shrubs produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Camellia sinensis is native to India, Myanmar and China.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Uses

The ornamental value of Camellia sinensis lies especially in its fragrance. Suited for hedges.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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