Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull
Calluna vulgaris, commonly known as Scots heather, link, is a shrub.
Calluna vulgaris was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was John Hull, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1808.
The shrubs are comparatively slow-growing and reach heights of 10 to 60 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 0.6 to 1 metres.
Wood and Bark
Calluna vulgaris is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are decussate. They are linear, entire and sessile.
Flowers and Fruits
Calluna vulgaris produces racemes of nodding, dark-purple campanulate flowers from August to October. The plants are hermaphroditic.
The shrubs carry brown septicidal capsules that are both edible and ornamental.
The plants form fibrous roots.
Calluna vulgaris is native to the whole of Europe, North Turkey, the Azores and Morocco and is naturalized in North America.
The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on dry to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy, sandy-loamy or peaty soil with a pH between 4,5 and 6,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -23Â°C (USDA zone 6).
Suited as cemetery plant, groundcover, container plant and as bee pasture.
Maintenance and Propagation
The plants usually need very little maintenance.
Pests and Diseases
Fine webs on the plants indicate an infestation with red spider mites. These sap-sucking insects mainly appear under glass and can be controlled either with insecticide or biologically with parasitic mites.
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.