Butea monosperma

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Butea monosperma Kuntze

Fabaceae

Life form: tree

Exposure: sun   10

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: obovate

Division: tripinnate

Shape: pea-shaped
Fruit: legume

28B / ff7117 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Fabanae
Ordo:
Fabales

Butea monosperma is a tree.

Naming

Butea monosperma was already described and the name validly published by Jean-Baptiste Pierre Antoine de Monet de Lamarck. It was Paul Hermann Wilhelm Taubert, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1894.

Taxonomy

Butea monosperma is a species in the genus Butea which contains approximately 4 to 14 species and belongs to the family of the Fabaceae (Legume Family). The type species of the genus is Butea frondosa.

Characteristics

Growth

The trees reach heights of 10 to 20 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Butea monosperma is deciduous. The tripinnate leaves are alternate. The obovate leaflets are petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Butea monosperma produces panicles of orange pea-shaped flowers from March to April.

The trees produce legumes.

Root System

Distribution

Butea monosperma is native to India and Sri Lanka.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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