Bryonia dioica

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Bryonia dioica Jacq.

Cucurbitaceae

Life form: climber

Exposure: sun   6

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: palmately lobed

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: berry

3D / efe981 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Violanae
Ordo:
Cucurbitales

Bryonia dioica, commonly known as white bryony, is a climber.

Naming

Bryonia dioica was described by Wenceslaus Bojer in 1837. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Bryonia dioica is a species in the genus Bryonia which contains approximately 12 to 58 species and belongs to the family of the Cucurbitaceae (Cucumber Family).

Characteristics

Bryonia dioica - fruits

Growth

The climbers reach heights of 3 to 4 metres.

Leaves

Bryonia dioica is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are palmately lobed and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Bryonia dioica produces racemes of ligth-yellow five-stellate flowers from June to September.

The climbers carry ornamental berries.

Root System

Distribution

Bryonia dioica is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the eastern Central Europe and Northwest Africa.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be loamy soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Uses

Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Poisonousness

Bryonia dioica is toxic.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links