Brassica nigra

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Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J.Koch

Brassicaceae

Life form: annual or biennial
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun  

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: not specified
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: cruciform
Fruit: silique

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: raceme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Violanae
Ordo:
Capparales

Brassica nigra belongs to the group of annual and biennial plants.

Naming

Brassica nigra was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Karl Heinrich Emil Koch, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Brassica nigra is a species in the genus Brassica which contains approximately 73 to 132 species and belongs to the family of the Brassicaceae (Mustard Family).

Characteristics

Brassica nigra - seeds

Growth

The plants reach heights of 30 to 200 centimetres.

Leaves

Brassica nigra is deciduous. The leaves are simple. They are ovate, dentate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Brassica nigra produces racemes of yellow cruciform flowers from June to September.

In spring the plants carry siliques.

Root System

Distribution

Brassica nigra is native to the whole of Europe, the Caucasus, Turkey, Morocco, Egypt and Sudan.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy, sandy clay or loamy clay soil.

Uses

Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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