Blechnum penna-marina

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Blechnum penna-marina (Poir.) Kuhn

Blechnaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   8

Moisture: moist

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: linear

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: not specified
Fruit: not specified

 

Inflorescence: not specified

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Polypodiophyta
Subdivisio:
Polypodiophytina
Classis:
Polypodiopsida
Subclassis:
Polypodiidae
Ordo:
Athyriales

Blechnum penna-marina is a perennial.

Naming

Blechnum penna-marina was already described and the name validly published by Jean Louis Marie Poiret. It was Friedrich Adalbert Maximilian Kuhn, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1868.

Taxonomy

Blechnum penna-marina is a species in the genus Blechnum which contains approximately 102 to 327 species and belongs to the family of the Blechnaceae (Hard-fern Family).

Characteristics

Blechnum penna-marina - leaves

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 10 to 20 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 20 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Blechnum penna-marina is evergreen. The dark-green, imparipinnate leaves are basal. The leaflets are linear. The leaves are around 5 centimetres large and have a glabrous surface.

Flowers and Fruits

Root System

Distribution

Blechnum penna-marina is native to New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, New Zealand and South America.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady to shady situation on moist soil. The substrate should have a pH between 4 and 6. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • rockeries
  • woods (soil usually rich in organic material)

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 10 to 20 centimetres, the perennials are best planted in groups of 3 to 10. Suited for rockeries, as well as suited as groundcover.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants need little to no maintenance if grown under suitable conditions.

  • If possible the plants should not be transplanted.
  • Winter protection from black frost.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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