Bixa orellana

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Bixa orellana L.

Bixaceae

Life form: tree
Usage: economic plant / Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   10

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: not specified

69D / e7c9f2 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Canopy: broadly columnar

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Malvanae
Ordo:
Cistales

Bixa orellana is a tree.

Naming

Bixa orellana was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Bixa orellana is the type species of the genus Bixa which contains 5 species and belongs to the family of the Bixaceae (Lipstick-tree Family).

Characteristics

Bixa orellana - seeds

Growth

The trees have a broadly columnar canopy and reach heights of 7 to 10 metres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Bixa orellana is evergreen. The simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate, entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Bixa orellana produces panicles of light purple cup-shaped flowers from August to October.

The trees carry very ornamental fruits.

Root System

Distribution

Bixa orellana is native to tropical South America, Central America, Mexico and the West Indies and is naturalized in Queensland, tropical Asia and tropical Africa.

Cultivation

The trees prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy loam. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Suited for hedges.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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