Aechmea fasciata

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Aechmea fasciata (Lindl.) Baker

Bromeliaceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: half shade   10

Moisture: moist

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: tubular
Fruit: berry

55C / f184a9 

Inflorescence: cluster

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Bromelianae
Ordo:
Bromeliales

Aechmea fasciata is a succulent perennial.

Naming

Aechmea fasciata was already described and the name validly published by John Lindley. It was John Gilbert Baker, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1879.

Taxonomy

Aechmea fasciata is a species in the genus Aechmea which contains approximately 285 to 310 species and belongs to the family of the Bromeliaceae (Bromeliad Family).

Characteristics

Aechmea fasciata - flowers

Growth

The perennials are comparatively slow-growing and reach heights of 30 to 40 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 30 to 60 centimetres.

Leaves

Aechmea fasciata is evergreen. The mid-green, simple leaves are basal. They are linear, sessile and have parallel venation. The surface of the leaves is pilose.

Flowers and Fruits

Aechmea fasciata produces cluster of magenta tubular flowers from June to August.

The perennials carry white berries.

Root System

The plants form rhizomes.

Distribution

Aechmea fasciata is native to Brazil.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a half-shady situation on moist soil. They tolerate temperatures only above at least 1°C (USDA zone 10).

Uses

Suited as container plant and as indoor plant.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Waxy fibres and honeydew on leaves and shoots indicate an infestation with mealybugs. Apply insecticide or control biologically with predatory ladybirds.

Sudden wilting and pale green discolouration indicate a fungal infection (phytophthora). Remove infected plants. Avoid by improving drainage and over-fertilization.

Scale insects that sit on the undersides of the leaves and excrete honeydew can be controlled with insecticide or biologically with parasitic wasps.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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