Fallopia baldschuanica

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Fallopia baldschuanica Regel

Polygonaceae

Life form: climber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   5

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

    

Shape: funnel-shaped
Fruit: nut

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Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Caryophyllidae
Superordo:
Polygonanae
Ordo:
Polygonales

Fallopia baldschuanica, commonly known as Russian Vine, Mile-a-Minute Plant, is a climber.

Naming

Fallopia baldschuanica was already described and the name validly published by Eduard August von Regel. It was Josef Holub, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1971.

Taxonomy

Fallopia baldschuanica is a species in the genus Fallopia which contains approximately 23 to 24 species and belongs to the family of the Polygonaceae (Buckwheat Family).

Characteristics

Fallopia baldschuanica - habitus
Fallopia baldschuanica - flowers

Growth

The climbers are comparatively fast-growing and reach heights of 3 to 10 metres. The plants reach a width of 2 to 3 metres.

Leaves

Fallopia baldschuanica is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate, entire and petiolate. The surface of the leaves is glabrous. They turn an attractive yellow in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Fallopia baldschuanica produces panicles of white funnel-shaped flowers from August to October. The plants are hermaphroditic.

The climbers produce white nuts from summer to autumn.

Root System

The plants form rhizomes.

Distribution

Fallopia baldschuanica is native to Central Asia and is naturalized in the British Isles, in Austria, eastern Central Europe and Romania.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be gritty loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

The ornamental value of Fallopia baldschuanica lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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