Campsis grandiflora

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Campsis grandiflora (Thunb.) K.Schum.

Bignoniaceae

Life form: climber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   7

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: imparipinnate

Shape: trumpet-shaped
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

40C / e7422b 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Scrophulariales

Campsis grandiflora is a climber.

Naming

Campsis grandiflora was already described and the name validly published by Carl Peter Thunberg. It was Karl Moritz Schumann, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Campsis grandiflora is a species in the genus Campsis which contains approximately 2 to 3 species and belongs to the family of the Bignoniaceae (Trumpet-creeper Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The climbers reach heights of 5 to 10 metres.

Leaves

Campsis grandiflora is deciduous. The green, imparipinnate leaves are opposite. The ovate leaflets are serrate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Campsis grandiflora produces panicles of salmon-red trumpet-shaped flowers from May to August.

The climbers produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Campsis grandiflora is native to China.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil with a pH between 6,5 and 7,5. They tolerate temperatures down to -18°C (USDA zone 7).

Uses

The recommended planting distance is 1,5 metre, the climbers are best planted in groups of 3 to 5.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Cut back side shoots down to 3 to 4 buds within permanent framework in early spring.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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