Bignonia capreolata

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Bignonia capreolata L.

Bignoniaceae

Life form: climber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   8

Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: ternate

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: septicidal capsule

40C / e7422b 

Inflorescence: cyme

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Scrophulariales

Bignonia capreolata is a climber.

Naming

Bignonia capreolata was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Bignonia capreolata is a species in the genus Bignonia which contains approximately 28 to 95 species and belongs to the family of the Bignoniaceae (Trumpet-creeper Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The climbers reach heights of 6 to 10 metres.

Leaves

Bignonia capreolata is evergreen. The ternate leaves are opposite. The ovate leaflets are undulate and petiolate. The surface of the leaves is waxy.

Flowers and Fruits

Bignonia capreolata produces cymes of salmon-red five-stellate flowers from June to August.

The climbers produce septicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Bignonia capreolata is native to the Northeast of the US, the central Northeast of the US, the Southeast of the US, the southern Prairie States of the US and Florida.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny situation on moist soil. The substrate should be sandy loam. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: calcareous soil

Uses

The ornamental value of Bignonia capreolata lies especially in its fragrance.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually require only a moderate amount of maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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