Biarum pyrami

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Biarum pyrami Engl.

Araceae

Life form: bulb or tuber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun  

Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam

Arrangement: basal
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: spathe
Fruit: berry

179A / 961d22 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Aridae
Superordo:
Aranae
Ordo:
Arales

Biarum pyrami belongs to the group of bulbous and tuberous plants.

Naming

Biarum pyrami was already described and the name validly published by Heinrich Wilhelm Schott. It was Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1879.

Taxonomy

Biarum pyrami is a species in the genus Biarum which contains 25 species and belongs to the family of the Araceae (Arum Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The plants reach heights of 10 to 15 centimetres.

Leaves

Biarum pyrami is deciduous. The simple leaves are basal. They are ovate, entire and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Biarum pyrami produces solitary dark-red spathae from October to December.

The plants produce berries.

Root System

Distribution

Biarum pyrami is native to Turkey and Iran.

Cultivation

The plants prefer a sunny situation on moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy or gritty-loamy soil. Under glass use a mixture of loam, gravel and leaf compost.

Uses

The plants are suited for cultivation in a alpine house. Suited for rockeries.

Maintenance and Propagation

  • Give little water in summer, do not water in winter.

Propagate by sowing in autumn or by bulbils in summer.

Cultivars

Poisonousness

All plant parts are toxic and may cause discomfort if consumed. All plant parts may irritate the skin.

Aeskulap  Please read the health issues note

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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