Berchemia scandens

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Berchemia scandens (Hill) K.Koch

Rhamnaceae

Life form: climber
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   6

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: loam - Soil: sandy loam - Soil: loamy clay

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: obovate

Division: simple

Shape: five-stellate
Fruit: drupe

VI

134B / 229143 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Rosidae
Superordo:
Rhamnanae
Ordo:
Rhamnales

Berchemia scandens is a climber.

Naming

Berchemia scandens was already described and the name validly published by John Hill. It was Karl Heinrich Emil Koch, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 1869.

Taxonomy

Berchemia scandens is a species in the genus Berchemia which contains approximately 48 to 57 species and belongs to the family of the Rhamnaceae (Buckthorn Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The climbers reach heights of 4 to 5 metres.

Leaves

Berchemia scandens is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are obovate with entire margins and pinnate venation.

Flowers and Fruits

Berchemia scandens produces panicles of green five-stellate flowers in June.

The climbers carry black drupes.

Root System

Distribution

Berchemia scandens is native to Virginia, the central Northeast of the US, the Southeast of the US, Florida and Texas.

Cultivation

The climbers prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be loamy, sandy-loamy or loamy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • none: drought

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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