Berberis vulgaris L.
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Berberis vulgaris, commonly known as common barberry, is a shrub.
Berberis vulgaris was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.
The shrubs reach heights of 2,5 to 3 metres. The plants reach a width of 2 to 3 metres.
Wood and Bark
Berberis vulgaris is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are obovate, entire and sessile. They turn an attractive bright orange in autumn.
Flowers and Fruits
Berberis vulgaris produces racemes of pendant, yellow cup-shaped flowers in May. The plants flower on older shoots. They are hermaphroditic, pollination takes places by allogamy through animals.
The shrubs produce red berries in summer.
Berberis vulgaris is native to Europe, the Caucasus, eastern Canada and the US.
The shrubs prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, clay, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 4 and 6. They tolerate temperatures down to -40Â°C (USDA zone 3). The plants are suited for bank protection in softwood areas along wide flowing waters.
Suited for windbreaks and soil protection, as well as suited as slope plant, bee pasture, bird pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.
Maintenance and Propagation
Pests and Diseases
- Walter Erhardt, Erich GÃ¶tz, Nils BÃ¶deker, Siegmund Seybold: Der groÃe Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
- Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.