Berberis verruculosa

From Hortipedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Hortipedia Commons %LABEL_PRINTING QR Code

Berberis verruculosa Hemsl. & E.H.Wilson

Berberidaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade - Exposure: shade   5

Moisture: dry bis Moisture: moderately moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: clay - Soil: sandy clay - Soil: loamy clay - Soil: peat

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

    

Shape: cup-shaped
Fruit: berry

13A / ffbe0d 

Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: single
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Ranunculopsida
Subclassis:
Ranunculidae
Superordo:
Ranunculanae
Ordo:
Berberidales

Berberis verruculosa is a shrub.

Naming

Berberis verruculosa was described by William Botting Hemsley and Ernest Henry Wilson. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Berberis verruculosa is a species in the genus Berberis which contains approximately 595 to 798 species and belongs to the family of the Berberidaceae (Barberry Family). The type species of the genus is Berberis vulgaris.

Characteristics

Berberis verruculosa - flowers

Growth

The shrubs are comparatively slow-growing and reach heights of 1 to 1,5 metres. The plants reach a width of 1 to 2 metres.

Wood and Bark

The bark is thorny and yellow.

Leaves

Berberis verruculosa is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are alternate. They are ovate and sessile with entire margins and pinnate venation. The surface of the leaves is glabrous. They turn an attractive dark red in autumn.

Flowers and Fruits

Berberis verruculosa produces solitary yellow-orange cup-shaped flowers from May to June. The plants flower on older shoots. They are hermaphroditic.

The shrubs produce purple berries from summer to autumn.

Root System

The plants form shallow roots.

Distribution

Berberis verruculosa is native to West China.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny to shady situation on dry to moderately moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy, clay, sandy clay, loamy clay or peaty soil with a pH between 8 and 10. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • high: city climate

Uses

Suited for moorland gardens, rockeries, rooftop gardens and for low cut hedges, as well as suited as cemetery plant, container plant, greenery along roads, bee pasture and as plant providing shelter for birds.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Root and stem lesions, often in combination with raised rings of bark and pustules nearby, indicate a fungal infection. Generously cut out and destroy affected parts.

Irregular swelling, so-called 'galls', may be caused by insects, mites, fungi or bacteria. Destroy affected parts. To prevent infection avoid injuring the plants and improve drainage.

Sudden wilting and pale green discolouration indicate a fungal infection (phytophthora). Remove infected plants. Avoid by improving drainage and over-fertilization.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

Non-commercial Links

This might also interest you

Commercial Links