Bellis perennis

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Bellis perennis L.

Asteraceae

Life form: perennial
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   4

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: sandy loam - Soil: gritty loam - Soil: sandy clay

Arrangement: rosette
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: spatulate

Division: simple

Shape: many-stellate
Fruit: achene

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Inflorescence: solitary

Petals: single
Habit: erect

Growth form: mat-forming

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Asteridae
Superordo:
Asteranae
Ordo:
Asterales

Bellis perennis is a perennial.

Naming

Bellis perennis was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Bellis perennis is the type species of the genus Bellis which contains approximately 11 to 26 species and belongs to the family of the Asteraceae (Aster Family).

Characteristics

Bellis perennis - habitus
Bellis perennis - flowers

Growth

The comparatively fast-growing perennials have a mat-forming habit and reach heights of 5 to 20 centimetres. The plants reach a width of 10 to 30 centimetres.

Leaves

Bellis perennis is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are in rosettes. They are spatulate, entire and sessile.

Flowers and Fruits

Bellis perennis produces solitary erect, white many-stellate flowers from March to May.

The perennials produce achenes.

Root System

The plants form fibrous roots.

Distribution

Bellis perennis is native to Europe and Turkey.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be sandy-loamy, gritty-loamy or sandy clay soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -35°C (USDA zone 4).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Uses

Suited for cottage gardens, rockeries and for beds and borders, as well as suited as cemetery plant and as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

The plants usually need very little maintenance.


Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Leaf blotches are a sign of a fungal or bacterial infection. Bacterial spots are rather angular and yellow-rimmed while fungal spots usually are rather rounded with an area of fruiting bodies. Destroy affected parts, additionaly apply fungizide it is is a fungal infection.

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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