Ballota nigra

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Ballota nigra L.

Lamiaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun   6

Moisture: dry

Soil: sand - Soil: gritty-sandy

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: decidious

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: labiate
Fruit: schizocarp

V

82C / 7b4c9a 

Inflorescence: cluster

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Lamiales
Subordo:
Lamiineae

Ballota nigra is a perennial.

Naming

Ballota nigra was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Ballota nigra is the type species of the genus Ballota which contains approximately 43 to 50 species and belongs to the family of the Lamiaceae (Mint Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 30 to 80 centimetres.

Leaves

Ballota nigra is deciduous. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate, crenate and petiolate.

Flowers and Fruits

Ballota nigra produces cluster of purple labiate flowers in May.

The perennials produce schizocarps.

Root System

Distribution

Ballota nigra is native to the whole of Europe, Turkey, the Eastern Mediterranean, Iraq, the Caucasus, Iran and Northwest Africa.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny situation on dry soil. The substrate should be sandy or gritty-sandy soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -23°C (USDA zone 6).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • open areas

Uses

Suited as bee pasture.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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