Bacopa monnieri

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Bacopa monnieri (L.) Pennell

Scrophulariaceae

Life form: perennial

Exposure: sun - Exposure: half shade   8

Moisture: moist bis Moisture: wet

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves:

Shape: oblanceolate

Division: simple

Shape: tubular
Fruit: loculicidal capsule

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Inflorescence: cluster

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Lamiidae
Superordo:
Lamianae
Ordo:
Scrophulariales

Bacopa monnieri is a perennial.

Naming

Bacopa monnieri was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Richard Wettstein, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics .

Taxonomy

Bacopa monnieri is a species in the genus Bacopa which contains approximately 70 to 79 species and belongs to the family of the Scrophulariaceae (Figwort Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The perennials reach heights of 5 to 10 centimetres.

Leaves

Bacopa monnieri has simple leaves that are opposite. The leaves are oblanceolate, entire and sessile.

Flowers and Fruits

Bacopa monnieri produces cluster of white tubular flowers from May to October.

The perennials produce loculicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Bacopa monnieri is native to the Northeast of the US, the Southeast of the US, Florida, Texas, Central America, tropical South America, Iraq, the Malay Archipelago and the Philippines and is naturalized in the Iberian Peninsula.

Cultivation

The perennials prefer a sunny to half-shady situation on moist to wet soil. They tolerate temperatures down to -12°C (USDA zone 8).

Classification after Prof. Dr. Sieber

  • flower beds (rich soil)

Uses

Suited as container plant. Bacopa monnieri can be used in the background of aquariums with water temperatures of 15 to 30°C. The water should be soft to hard, the pH-value should be between 6 to 9.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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