Kalmia procumbens

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Kalmia procumbens (L.) Desv.

Ericaceae

Life form: shrub
Usage: ornamental plant

Exposure: sun   1

Moisture: moderately moist bis Moisture: moist

Soil: peat

Arrangement: opposite
Leaves: evergreen

Shape: ovate

Division: simple

Shape: campanulate
Fruit: septicidal capsule

61C / b71f53 

Inflorescence: umbel

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Rosopsida
Subclassis:
Dilleniidae
Superordo:
Ericanae
Ordo:
Ericales

Kalmia procumbens is a shrub.

Naming

Kalmia procumbens was already described and the name validly published by Carl Linnaeus. It was Gabriele Galasso, Enrico Augusto Banfi and Fabio Conti, however, who reclassified it into todays valid botanical systematics in 2005 based on a prior description by N. Gift and Kathleen Anne Kron.

Taxonomy

Kalmia procumbens is a species in the genus Kalmia which contains approximately 11 to 25 species and belongs to the family of the Ericaceae (Heath Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The shrubs reach heights of 5 to 10 centimetres.

Wood and Bark

Leaves

Kalmia procumbens is evergreen. The green, simple leaves are opposite. They are ovate, entire and sessile.

Flowers and Fruits

Kalmia procumbens produces umbels of dark-pink campanulate flowers from June to July.

The shrubs produce septicidal capsules.

Root System

Distribution

Kalmia procumbens is native to the whole of Europe with the exception of the eastern Central Europe, East Siberia, the Kamtschatka Peninsula, Sakhalin, Japan, Alaska, Canada, Greenland, Maine, New Hampshire and Washington.

Cultivation

The shrubs prefer a sunny situation on fresh to moist soil. The substrate should be peaty soil. They tolerate temperatures below -45°C (USDA zone 1).

Uses

Suited for rockeries.

Maintenance and Propagation

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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