Avena sativa

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Avena sativa L.

Poaceae

Life form: grass
Usage: economic plant

Exposure: sun   5

Arrangement: alternate
Leaves: decidious

Shape: linear

Division: simple

Shape: not specified
Fruit: caryopsis

3A / f8da21 

Inflorescence: panicle

Petals: not specified
Habit: not specified

Growth form: not specified

Taxonomy

Divisio:
Magnoliophyta
Subdivisio:
Magnoliophytina
Classis:
Liliopsida
Subclassis:
Commelinidae
Superordo:
Poanae
Ordo:
Poales

Avena sativa is a grass.

Naming

Avena sativa was described by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. The name is considered as validly published.

Taxonomy

Avena sativa is a species in the genus Avena which contains approximately 37 to 98 species and belongs to the family of the Poaceae (Grass Family).

Characteristics

Growth

The grasses reach heights of 40 to 100 centimetres and are comparatively fast-growing and short-lived. They have a erect habit and have an upright habit, the main growing season is in spring and summer.

Leaves

Avena sativa is deciduous. The dark-green, simple leaves are alternate. They are linear with entire margins and parallel venation. The foliage is porous.

Flowers and Fruits

Avena sativa produces panicles of yellow flowers from May to July.

In summer the grasses produce an abundance of brown caryopses that are both edible and very ornamental.

Root System

Distribution

Avena sativa is native to : garden origin.

Cultivation

The grasses prefer a sunny situation. They prefer soil with a pH between 5,3 and 8,5 and need a soil depth of at least 20 centimetres for good growth. They tolerate temperatures down to -29°C (USDA zone 5) and need a frost-free period of at least 13 weeks.

Tolerance of special soil conditions

  • low: anaerobic soil, drought, calcareous soil
  • medium: soil salinity

Uses

Maintenance and Propagation

Propagate by sowing.

Cultivars

Pests and Diseases

Literature

  • Walter Erhardt, Erich Götz, Nils Bödeker, Siegmund Seybold: Der große Zander. Eugen Ulmer KG, Stuttgart 2008, ISBN 978-3-8001-5406-7. (Ger.)
  • Christoper Brickell (Editor-in-chief): RHS A-Z Encyclopedia of Garden Plants. Third edition. Dorling Kindersley, London 2003, ISBN 0-7513-3738-2.

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